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Topological Lattice Models with Constant Berry Curvature
by Daniel Varjas, Ahmed Abouelkomsan, Kang Yang, Emil J. Bergholtz
This Submission thread is now published as
|Authors (as registered SciPost users):||Ahmed Abouelkomsan · Emil Bergholtz · Daniel Varjas|
|Preprint Link:||scipost_202107_00047v2 (pdf)|
|Date submitted:||2022-02-25 14:11|
|Submitted by:||Varjas, Daniel|
|Submitted to:||SciPost Physics|
Band geometry plays a substantial role in topological lattice models. The Berry curvature, which resembles the effect of magnetic field in reciprocal space, usually fluctuates throughout the Brillouin zone. Motivated by the analogy with Landau levels, constant Berry curvature has been suggested as an ideal condition for realizing fractional Chern insulators. Here we show that while the Berry curvature cannot be made constant in a topological two-band model, lattice models with three or more degrees of freedom per unit cell can support exactly constant Berry curvature. However, contrary to the intuitive expectation, we find that making the Berry curvature constant does not always improve the properties of fractional Chern insulator states. In fact, we show that an "ideal flatband" cannot have constant Berry curvature, equivalently, we show that the density algebra of Landau levels cannot be realised in any tight-binding lattice system.
Published as SciPost Phys. 12, 118 (2022)
Author comments upon resubmission
List of changes
1. We rephrased the last two paragraphs of the Introduction, and added an overview of the structure of the paper, so it is easier to follow.
2. We merged sections IV and V about the constant curvature models, and moved section III with the 2-band no-go theorem after them.
3. We added further analysis of the relation of the ideal droplet condition and the FCI physics in section VI and figure 6.
4. Changes of phrasing, corrections, and clarifications throughout the manuscript.
Submission & Refereeing History
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