We study the evolution of entanglement after a global quench in a one-dimensional quantum system with a localized impurity. For systems described by a conformal field theory, the entanglement entropy between the two regions separated by the defect grows linearly in time. Introducing the notion of boundary twist fields, we show how the slope of this growth can be related to the effective central charge that emerges in the study of ground-state entropy in the presence of the defect. On the other hand, we also consider a particular lattice realization of the quench in a free-fermion chain with a conformal defect. Starting from a gapped initial state, we obtain the slope via a quasiparticle ansatz and observe small discrepancies between the field theory and lattice results, which persist even in the limit of a vanishing gap.
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Authors / Affiliations: mappings to Contributors and OrganizationsSee all Organizations.
- 1 Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati / International School for Advanced Studies [SISSA]
- 2 INFN Sezione di Trieste / INFN Trieste
- 3 Technische Universität Graz / Graz University of Technology
- Austrian Science Fund (FWF) (through Organization: Fonds zur Förderung der wissenschaftlichen Forschung / FWF Austrian Science Fund [FWF])
- European Research Council [ERC]