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Phase diagram of an extended parafermion chain

Jurriaan Wouters, Fabian Hassler, Hosho Katsura, Dirk Schuricht

SciPost Phys. Core 5, 008 (2022) · published 8 February 2022

Abstract

We study the phase diagram of an extended parafermion chain, which, in addition to terms coupling parafermions on neighbouring sites, also possesses terms involving four sites. Via a Fradkin--Kadanoff transformation the parafermion chain is shown to be equivalent to the non-chiral $\mathbb{Z}_3$ axial next-nearest neighbour Potts model. We discuss a possible experimental realisation using hetero-nanostructures. The phase diagram contains several gapped phases, including a topological phase where the system possesses three (nearly) degenerate ground states, and a gapless Luttinger-liquid phase.


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