Alexander Lau, Sebastiano Peotta, Dmitry I. Pikulin, Enrico Rossi, Timo Hyart
SciPost Phys. 13, 086 (2022) ·
published 7 October 2022
Motivated by the experimental progress in controlling the properties of the energy bands in superconductors, significant theoretical efforts have been devoted to study the effect of the quantum geometry and the flatness of the dispersion on the superfluid weight. In conventional superconductors, where the energy bands are wide and the Fermi energy is large, the contribution due to the quantum geometry is negligible, but in the opposite limit of flat-band superconductors the superfluid weight originates purely from the quantum geometry of Bloch wave functions. Here, we study how the energy band dispersion and the quantum geometry affect the disorder-induced suppression of the superfluid weight. In particular, we consider non-magnetic disorder and $s$-wave superconductivity. Surprisingly, we find that the disorder-dependence of the superfluid weight is universal across a variety of models, and independent of the quantum geometry and the flatness of the dispersion. Our results suggest that a flat-band superconductor is as resilient to disorder as a conventional superconductor.
SciPost Phys. 10, 127 (2021) ·
published 2 June 2021
Measurement schemes of Majorana zero modes (MZMs) based on quantum dots (QDs)
are of current interest as they provide a scalable platform for topological
quantum computation. In a coupled qubit-QD setup we calculate the dependence of
the charge of the QD and its differential capacitance on experimentally tunable
parameters for both 2-MZM and 4-MZM measurements. We quantify the effect of
noise on the measurement visibility by considering $1/f$ noise in detuning,
tunneling amplitudes or phase. We find that on- or close-to-resonance
measurements are generally preferable and predict, using conservative noise
estimates, that noise coupling to the QDs is not a limitation to high-fidelity
measurements of topological qubits.