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Proton penetration efficiency over a high altitude observatory in Mexico

S. Miyake, T. Koi, Y. Muraki, Y. Matsubara, S. Masuda, P. Miranda, T. Naito, E. Ortiz, A. Oshima, T. Sakai, T. Sako, S. Shibata, H. Takamaru, M. Tokumaru, J. F. Valdés-Galicia

SciPost Phys. Proc. 13, 001 (2023) · published 28 September 2023

Proceedings event

21st International Symposium on Very High Energy Cosmic Ray Interactions


In association with a large solar flare on November 7, 2004, the solar neutron detectors located at Mt. Chacaltaya (5,250 m) in Bolivia and Mt. Sierra Negra (4,600 m) in Mexico recorded very interesting events. In order to explain these events, we have performed a calculation solving the equation of motion of anti-protons inside the magnetosphere. Based on these results, the Mt. Chacaltaya event may be explained by the detection of solar neutrons, while the Mt. Sierra Negra event may be explained by the first detection of very high energy solar neutron decay protons (SNDPs) around 6 GeV.

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