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Current mean values in the XYZ model
by Levente Pristyák, Balázs Pozsgay
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|Authors (as Contributors):||Balázs Pozsgay|
|Arxiv Link:||https://arxiv.org/abs/2211.00698v1 (pdf)|
|Date submitted:||2022-11-09 10:00|
|Submitted by:||Pozsgay, Balázs|
|Submitted to:||SciPost Physics|
The XYZ model is an integrable spin chain which has an infinite set of conserved charges, but it lacks a global $U(1)$-symmetry. We consider the current operators, which describe the flow of the conserved quantities in this model. We derive an exact result for the current mean values, valid for any eigenstate in a finite volume with periodic boundary conditions. This result can serve as a basis for studying the transport properties of this model within Generalized Hydrodynamics.
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Anonymous Report 2 on 2023-1-11 (Invited Report)
1- Exact result in an interacting integrable model
2- Generality of the approach
This paper provides an expression for the expectation value of current operators in the excited states of the XYZ model, which is an integrable model without a $U(1)$ symmetry. This supplements the previous (recent) findings, which, if we exclude noninteracting systems, are focussed on $U(1)$ symmetric integrable models. In the presence of interactions, the absence of a $U(1)$ symmetry is a big complication and the result of this paper stands out for its simplicity.
I think that the paper is well written and I strongly recommend its publication.
Anonymous Report 1 on 2022-12-5 (Invited Report)
Yang-Baxter integrable quantum chains, like the XYZ model considered in the manuscript, possess a sequence of mutually commuting conserved charges that are generated by the logarithm of the transfer matrix of the underlying vertex model. The conserved charges are sums over local operators, the 'densities', of growing length of locality. Those operators satisfy continuity equations with corresponding `current densities'. The latter are central in recent attempts to find a hydrodynamic description of the properties of integrable quantum chains in the classical limit. In this context the expectation values of the current densities in excited states of the quantum chain are of high interest.
The authors obtain expressions for such expectation values in terms of Bethe roots. Along with the current densities they consider generalized current densities for which the Hamiltonian is replaced by one of the higher conserved charges as a generator of the time evolution. The main result of the paper is given in equation (20). This equation shows how the expectation value of the generalized current is determined by the charge eigenfunctions and by the Gaudin matrix.
The appealing feature of equation (20) is its great simplicity and the fact that is has the same structure as was previously obtained by the same authors for the XXZ model. This points to a much larger scope of validity of the result, also because the XYZ chain belongs to a more general class of integrable quantum chains that has no U(1) symmetry and for this reason defies a more simple-minded algebraic Bethe Ansatz solution.
Altogether the authors present an interesting and timely result that suits very well for publication in SciPost. The paper is presented in clear language and with sufficient detail. I recommend publication in the present form.
Here is a list of a few typos and small peculiarities I came across. I think in equation (7) the product of scattering phases should depend on the permutation. In line 2, page 7 it should be 'wave packets' instead of 'wave pockets'. In the second line under (25) it should be said 'isomorphic to' instead of 'equivalent to'. The notion 'computational basis elements' under equation (40) does not seem common to me. Better provide a definition. Above (83) '(some) of' should be '(some of)'. In the fifth line of section 5 on page 18 it should be 'two classes' instead of 'two class' and at the end of the third line on page 19 'spin chain' instead of 'spin chains'. I also recommend to go once more through the reference section before publication. There are issues with small and capital letters at several places, e.g. 'drude' instead of 'Drude' in . For the reader's sake the authors might also consider to cite some of the classical papers in the appendices: The paper of M. G. Tetel'man, Sov. Phys. JETP 55 (1982) p 306 in appendix B and the works of J. D. Johnson and S. Krinsky and B. M. McCoy, Phys. Rev. A 8 (1973) p 2526 as well as of A. Klümper and J. Zittartz, Z. Phys. B 71 (1988) p 495 in appendix C.