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Single crystal growth of PrNiGe2 compounds

by Kousei Ishiwatari, Kaito Hoshii, Keisuke Ida, Masashi Ohashi

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Submission summary

Authors (as registered SciPost users): Masashi Ohashi
Submission information
Preprint Link: scipost_202208_00037v2  (pdf)
Date accepted: 2023-05-10
Date submitted: 2023-05-08 16:00
Submitted by: Ohashi, Masashi
Submitted to: SciPost Physics Proceedings
Proceedings issue: International Conference on Strongly Correlated Electron Systems (SCES2022)
Ontological classification
Academic field: Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics - Experiment
Approach: Experimental


We report on the magnetic characterization of a praseodym intermetallic PrNiGe2. Sev- eral single crystals are grown by the Czochralsky method from Ni- deficient sample as the initial one. X-ray analysis of the sample indicated the CeNiSi2-type structure as the only phase. The unit-cell volume V tends to decrease as decreasing x. The magnetic measure- ments clearly indicate that PrNixGe2 exhibits a ferromagnetic orderings at 14 K, which is independent with of composition of Ni. A strong anisotropy along the three principal crystallographic directions was observed, reflecting the orthorhombic symmetry of the crystal structure. The b-axis was found to be the easy axis of magnetization.

Author comments upon resubmission

First, we would like to thank the Referee for taking their time to read and comment on our lengthy manuscript. We also greatly appreciate valuable and helpful questions and suggestions for improving our manuscript. We address all of them point by point below. We have worked hard to incorporate your feedback and hope that these revisions persuade you to accept our submission.

On behalf of the authors,
Masashi Ohashi

List of changes

1 - In the Abstract, the authors state that “X-ray analysis of the sample indicated the CeNiSi2-type structure as the only phase”. This is clearly not true given the unidentified peaks in the X-ray powder diffraction pattern shown in Figure 2 which presumably come from secondary phases. Please rewrite this sentence according to the facts.
2 - There appears to be an extra peak with significant weight around 2θ = 43 degrees in all three measured X-ray patterns, which is not seen in the simulated pattern. Can the authors identify possible candidates of these secondary phases?

At least XRD of PrNi0.8Ge2 indicated the CeNiSi2-type structure as the only phase. Compared to the simulation, the peak around 2θ=43 corresponds to the (002) reflection. To make it clear, we replaced "X-ray analysis of the sample" with "X-ray analysis of PrNi0.8Ge2" in the abstract. Indices are added in the XRD simulation in Fig. 1.

3 - The first paragraph of the Introduction contains a generic description of Kondo lattice physics, which seems irrelevant to the rest of the manuscript. So, I recommend the authors to simply remove those sentences from the introduction. Instead, I recommend the authors to expand the introduction on the reported magnetic properties in RTxGe2, and how that compares with PrNixGe2.

We have deleted the first paragraph of the Introduction.

4 - Throughout the manuscript, the ferromagnetic ordering temperature stated by the authors has been varying, for instance, 14 K in the abstract but 12 K in the conclusion. Please specify a clear criterion, based on which the ordering temperature has been determined, and keep the value consistent throughout the manuscript.

Tc is estimated from the result of heat capacity. So, we replaced 14 K with 12 K in abstract.

5 - In Table 1, the lattice parameters for x = 0.8 and x = 0.6 are identical. I believe this is a typo. Please correct it.

We thank for pointing out our serious mistakes. We carefully recalculated and revised Table 1. We found that the unit cell volume does not decrease as decreasing x. So, the relevant sentence in the abstract and the first paragraph in section 3 has been deleted.

6- Please specify how the lattice parameters are determined from the powder X-ray diffraction patter, for example by Rietveld refinement using which software.

The lattice parameters a, b, and c are determined by a least-squares approximation from the d-values corresponding to the reflections. We have added an explanation to the first paragraph in section 3. Indices are added in the XRD simulation in Fig. 1.

7 - The EDX result reported by in Section 2 for the three samples appear to vary strongly between the three samples. In particular, the measured composition for x = 0.8 seems to be significantly deficient in Ge. Can the author quantify the error on these composition measurements or provide an explanation as to the strong variation in the measured compositions?

The composition obtained is an experimental fact. There may be problems with the experimental setup, but we cannot quantify the error. So, we deleted the sentence "These results are closed to the theoretical value..."

8 - For the fitting of magnetisation data to Equation (1), please specify the temperature window for which the fitting has been carried out in each case.

Fitting was carried out in the temperature range 100 K < T < 180 K. We have added a sentence on page 3, line 4 from the bottom and on page 5, line 12.

Published as SciPost Phys. Proc. 11, 002 (2023)

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