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Hilbert space fragmentation and slow dynamics in particle-conserving quantum East models

by Pietro Brighi, Marko Ljubotina and Maksym Serbyn

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Submission summary

Authors (as registered SciPost users): Pietro Brighi · Marko Ljubotina · Maksym Serbyn
Submission information
Preprint Link: scipost_202211_00008v2  (pdf)
Date accepted: 2023-07-18
Date submitted: 2023-05-29 12:43
Submitted by: Brighi, Pietro
Submitted to: SciPost Physics
Ontological classification
Academic field: Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics - Theory
  • Condensed Matter Physics - Computational
  • Quantum Physics
Approaches: Theoretical, Computational


Quantum kinetically constrained models have recently attracted significant attention due to their anomalous dynamics and thermalization. In this work, we introduce a hitherto unexplored family of kinetically constrained models featuring conserved particle num- ber and strong inversion-symmetry breaking due to facilitated hopping. We demonstrate that these models provide a generic example of so-called quantum Hilbert space frag- mentation, that is manifested in disconnected sectors in the Hilbert space that are not apparent in the computational basis. Quantum Hilbert space fragmentation leads to an exponential in system size number of eigenstates with exactly zero entanglement en- tropy across several bipartite cuts. These eigenstates can be probed dynamically using quenches from simple initial product states. In addition, we study the particle spread- ing under unitary dynamics launched from the domain wall state, and find faster than diffusive dynamics at high particle densities, that crosses over into logarithmically slow relaxation at smaller densities. Using a classically simulable cellular automaton, we re- produce the logarithmic dynamics observed in the quantum case. Our work suggests that particle conserving constrained models with inversion symmetry breaking realize so far unexplored dynamical behavior and invite their further theoretical and experimental studies.

Published as SciPost Phys. 15, 093 (2023)

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