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Hilbert space structure and classical limit of the low energy sector of U(N) quantum Hall ferromagnets

Manuel Calixto, Alberto Mayorgas, Julio Guerrero

SciPost Phys. Proc. 14, 021 (2023) · published 23 November 2023

Proceedings event

34th International Colloquium on Group Theoretical Methods in Physics


Using the Lieb–Mattis ordering theorem of electronic energy levels, we identify and construct the Hilbert space of the low energy sector of U(N) quantum Hall/Heisenberg ferromagnets at filling factor M for L Landau/lattice sites. The carrier Hilbert space of irreducible representations of U(N) is described by rectangular Young tableaux of M rows and L columns, and associated with Grassmannian phase spaces U(N)/U(M)×U(N-M). Replacing U(N)-spin operators by their expectation values in a Grassmannian coherent state allows for a semi-classical treatment of the low energy U(N)-spin-wave coherent excitations (skyrmions) of U(N) quantum Hall ferromagnets in terms of Grasmannian nonlinear sigma models.

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